Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Malpighiales

Euphorbiaceae - Euphorbia family

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001) Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5)

Govaerts, R. et al. (2000) World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996) Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4)

Description of the family

Dioecious or monoecious herbs, shrubs or trees, sometimes succulent, spiny or unarmed, sometimes with milky latex. Hairs 0, simple, stellate or stinging. Stipules present or 0. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite or in whorls, usually simple, less often lobed or compound. Glands sometimes present near the apex of the petiole and base of lamina. Inflorescences various, sometimes in cyathia. Flowers unisexual, usually actinomorphic and very small. Calyx usually of 3-6 lobes or free sepals. Corolla with 3-6 free or ± united petals or 0. Disk present or 0. Stamens 3-many. Ovary superior, 1-4(-20)-locular, most commonly 3-locular. Styles (1-)3(-20). Fruit usually splitting into three 2-valved cocci, less often indehiscent. Seeds 1-2 per loculus, with or without a caruncle.

Worldwide: 313 genera and 8,100 species, cosmopolitan.

Malawi: 28 genera and 136 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Acalypha L.Description
Adenocline Turcz.Description
Alchornea Sw.Description
Argomuellera PaxDescription
Caperonia A.St.-Hil.Description
Cavacoa J. LéonardDescription
Cephalocroton Hochst.Description, Image
Croton L.Description
Erythrococca Benth.Description
Euphorbia L.Description
Excoecaria L.Description
Jatropha L.Description
Macaranga ThouarsDescription
Mallotus Lour.Description
Manihot Mill.Description
Maprounea Aubl.Description
Micrococca Benth.Description
Monadenium PaxDescription
Neoboutonia Müll. Arg.Description
Neoholstia RauschertDescription
Oldfieldia Benth. & Hook. f.Description
Ricinus L.Description, Image
Schinziophyton Hutch. ex Radcl.-Sm.Description
Shirakiopsis EsserDescription
Suregada Roxb. ex RottlerDescription
Synadenium Boiss.Description
Tragia L.Description
Tragiella Pax & K. Hoffm.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Euphorbiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Euphorbiaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Euphorbiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Malawi: Family page: Euphorbiaceae.
http://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=87, retrieved 24 September 2017

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