Eulophia monticola Rolfe

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Eulophia monticola

Photo: Petal Wimbush
South Western slopes of the Zomba Plateau

Eulophia monticola

Photo: Petal Wimbush
South Western slopes of the Zomba Plateau

Eulophia monticola

Photo: Petal Wimbush
South Western slopes of the Zomba Plateau

Eulophia monticola

Photo: Petal Wimbush
South Western slopes of the Zomba Plateau

Eulophia monticola

Photo: Petal Wimbush
South Western slopes of the Zomba Plateau

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia inyangensis Summerh.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb up to 40 cm tall. Leaves 3–7, forming a fan, linear, 17–26 cm long, grass-like, well developed at flowering time. Inflorescence laxly 6–10-flowered; bracts 8–18 mm long, lanceolate. Sepals green, mottled olive-brown, oblanceolate to elliptic-oblong, 13–17 mm long, dorsal sepal erect, laterals spreading. Petals bright yellow, lying over column, ovate-elliptic, 10–13 mm long. Lip bright yellow, 11.5–15 mm long, 3-lobed, with 3–7 undulate lamellae running the entire length of the lip; side lobes triangular; spur cylindrical, 3–7 mm long, bent down at about halfway, slightly swollen, bifid and often reddish at the apex.
Notes: Malawi specimens tend to have slightly larger flowers than those from Zimbabwe, but otherwise it did not seem possible to separate E. inyangensis from E. monticola on the basis of the few specimens available.
Derivation of specific name: monticola: mountain loving.
Habitat: Montane grassland and woodland
Altitude range: 1100 - 2140 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Southern Malawi, and Nyanga Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 12 January 2018
Literature:

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review Pages 138 - 139. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 59. as Eulophia inyangensis

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 472.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 310. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Strugnell, A.M. (2002). Endemics of Mt. Mulanje. The endemic spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Systematics and Geography of Plants 72 Page 22.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 135.

Other sources of information about Eulophia monticola:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia monticola

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia monticola
African Plant Database: Eulophia monticola
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Eulophia monticola
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia monticola
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia monticola
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eulophia monticola
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eulophia monticola
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia monticola
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eulophia monticola
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia monticola
Ispot Southern Africa: Eulophia monticola
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia monticola
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eulophia monticola
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eulophia monticola
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia monticola
The Plant List (version 1.1): Eulophia monticola
Tropicos: Eulophia monticola


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eulophia monticola.
http://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119380, retrieved 20 January 2018

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