Graderia scabra (L.f.) Benth.

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Graderia scabra

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Stapleford, Mutare District

Graderia scabra

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Circular Drive, Nyanga NP

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Synonyms: Bopusia scabra (L.f.) C. Presl
Gerardia scabra L.f.
Melasma zeyheri Hook.
Sopubia scabra (L.f.) G. Don
Common names: Pink ground-bells (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
More or less erect perennial herb with annual stems, up to 30 cm tall, growing from a strong woody rootstock. Leaves subopposite or alternate, 1-3 cm long, lanceolate or ovate-elliptic, subsessile, 3-5-veined, with rough hairs on both surfaces; margin with large lobe-like teeth. Flowers in the axils the upper leaves. Corolla funnel-shaped, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, purple-mauve or pink. Capsule c. 7 × 6 mm, strongly longitudinally compressed, appearing winged, embedded in the persistent calyx.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: scabra: scabrid or rough, referring to the hairs on the leaves and stems.
Habitat: In montane grassland.
Altitude range: 1500 - 2500 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 24 July 2015
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 181. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 265. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 78.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 150 - 151. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 111, plate 149

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 430 - 431. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Graderia scabra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Graderia scabra
Flora of Zimbabwe: Graderia scabra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Graderia scabra
African Plant Database: Graderia scabra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Graderia scabra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Graderia scabra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Graderia scabra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Graderia scabra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Graderia scabra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Graderia scabra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Graderia scabra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Graderia scabra
Ispot Southern Africa: Graderia scabra
JSTOR Plant Science: Graderia scabra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Graderia scabra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Graderia scabra
The Plant List (version 1.1): Graderia scabra
Tropicos: Graderia scabra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Graderia scabra.
http://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=151890, retrieved 24 November 2017

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