Otomeria elatior (A. Rich. ex DC.) Verdc.

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Otomeria elatior

Photo: Steven Dessein
South of Mpulungu, SW of Mbala, near Lungzua river village

Otomeria elatior

Photo: Steven Dessein
South of Mpulungu, SW of Mbala, near Lungzua river village

Otomeria elatior

Photo: Steven Dessein
South of Mpulungu, SW of Mbala, near Lungzua river village

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Synonyms: Otomeria dilatata Hiern
Pentas elatior (A. Rich. ex DC.) Walp.
Sipanea elatior A. Rich. ex DC.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect or rarely straggling herb 0.35–3 m tall. Leaves ovate-elliptic or rarely linear, 1.5–9.5 cm long, pubescent to densely hairy on both surfaces, or hairless above and pubescent on the veins beneath; petiole 0–6 mm long; stipules with 1–3 flat linear setae 1–5 mm long, and 2–6 short setae from a short base. Inflorescence 1–6.5 cm long, extending to 4–37 cm long in fruit; peduncle up to 30 cm long. Calyx tube c. 2 mm long, lobes very unequal, 1–3 leaf-like, lanceolate, 0.5–2.4 cm long, the rest 1–4 mm long. Corolla rose-scarlet or-crimson; tube 1.7–2.7 cm. long, sparsely hairy or hairless below; lobes ovate, orbicular or elliptic-spathulate, 0.5–1.8 cm long; throat densely hairy. Fruit oblong, compressed, 0.6–1.2 cm long, strongly ribbed, pubescent, chestnut or purple-brown.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: elatior: taller
Habitat: Nearly always in wet places, dambos, stream-banks and riversides, swamps, vleis, often near evergreen fringes in Brachystegia woodland; occasionally in drier areas but still near water.
Altitude range: 510 - 1900 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread from Mali to Cameroon, CAR and Sudan to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 23 October 2017
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 110 - 111. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 102. as Otomeria dilatata

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 90.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 79 - 82. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Otomeria elatior:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Otomeria elatior
Flora of Zambia: Otomeria elatior
Flora of Zimbabwe: Otomeria elatior

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Otomeria elatior
African Plant Database: Otomeria elatior
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Otomeria elatior
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Otomeria elatior
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Otomeria elatior
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Otomeria elatior
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Otomeria elatior
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Otomeria elatior
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Otomeria elatior
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Otomeria elatior
Ispot Southern Africa: Otomeria elatior
JSTOR Plant Science: Otomeria elatior
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Otomeria elatior
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Otomeria elatior
The Plant List (version 1.1): Otomeria elatior
Tropicos: Otomeria elatior


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Otomeria elatior.
http://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155100, retrieved 24 November 2017

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