Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Agavaceae - Sisal family

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Chase, M.W., Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.J. (2009) A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 132-136

Lock, J.M. (2008) Agavaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1)

Walters, S.M. et al. (eds) (1986) The European Garden Flora. Vol. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae, Angiospermae-Monocotyledons (Part I). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Description of the family

Monocarpic or perennial plants. Stems short or 0, sometimes trunk-like. Leaves large, borne in rosettes, often succulent, usually hard, leathery and spine-tipped. Inflorescence a large spike or panicle. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; perianth segments 6, united for most of their length. Stamens 6. Ovary inferior, 3-locular. Fruit a capsule. Seeds numerous, flattened, black.

Comment: - A number of species of this family are naturalized in Zimbabwe. However, the names of most these plants are not always clear.
- Genera included by us under Agavaceae are nowadays often placed as subfamily Agavoideae under Asparagaceae. However, we have followed the more traditional treatment for the time being.

Worldwide: 13 genera and 210 species, tropical and warm zones, especially arid America.

Malawi: 0 cultivated genera and 0 cultivated taxa.

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Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent

Other sources of information about Agavaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Agavaceae
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Agavaceae
Flora of Malawi: Agavaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Agavaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Agavaceae
Flora of Zambia: Agavaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Agavaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Agavaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Agavaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Agavaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Agavaceae
Wikipedia: Agavaceae


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Cultivated plants: Family page: Agavaceae.
https://www.malawiflora.com/cult/family.php?family_id=2, retrieved 15 November 2019

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