Spermatophyta: Gymnospermae: Pinales

Pinaceae - Pine family

Dallimore, W. & Jackson, A.B. (1966) A Handbook of the Coniferae and Ginkgoaceae Edward Arnold. London.

Description of the family

Trees or rarely shrubs, monoecious, usually evergreen, the wood resinous. Leaves linear, spirally arranged. Flowers arranged in cones. Male cones lateral with numerous scales, each bearing 2 pollen-sacs. Female cones lateral or ± terminal, woody, each scale bearing 2 ovules on the adaxial surface.

Worldwide: 12 genera and 220 species, Northern temperate zones south to Central America, West Indies, Sumatra and Java.

Malawi: 1 genus and 1 taxon.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Pinus L.Description

Other sources of information about Pinaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Pinaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pinaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Pinaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pinaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pinaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pinaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pinaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pinaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pinaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Pinaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pinaceae
Wikipedia: Pinaceae
Plants of the World Online: Pinaceae
Tropicos: Pinaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Family page: Pinaceae.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=172, retrieved 21 April 2024

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