Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Malpighiales

Violaceae - Violet family

Robson, N.K.B. (1960) Violaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs or herbs. Stipules 2. Leaves usually alternate, simple. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic (Rinorea) or zygomorphic (Hybanthus and Viola). Sepals 5, usually free. Petals 5, free, the anterior one (in zygomorphic genera) spurred. Stamens 5, often bearing appendages. Ovary superior, 1-locular. Fruit a loculicidal capsule.

Worldwide: 20 genera and 800 species, cosmopolitan but only Viola temperate.

Malawi: 3 genera and 6 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Hybanthus Jacq.Description
Rinorea Aubl.Description
Viola L.Description

Other sources of information about Violaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Violaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Violaceae
Flora of Zambia: Violaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Violaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Violaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Violaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Violaceae
Wikipedia: Violaceae


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Family page: Violaceae.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=232, retrieved 22 October 2019

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