6237.000 Erica L.



Ross, R. (1983) Ericaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1)

Description of the genus

Trees, shrubs, or sub–shrubs, usually much branched with flexuously ascending sterns. Branchlets slender. Leaves normally in whorls of 3–4(6), or occasionally spirally inserted, very small, the margins usually revolute and meeting in the centre line on the under side of the leaf. Inflorescence normally consisting of capitate clusters of up to 20 flowers on the tips of the branchlets, but sometimes spicate with the flowers in the axils of leaves on branches whose vegetative growth may continue after flowering. Pedicels short and 1–flowered, normally bearing 1 bract and 2 opposite bracteoles. Calyx and corolla actinomorphic and hypogynous. Calyx segments 4, free or fused to a greater or lesser extent. Corolla globular to tubular, 4–lobed, the lobes usually appreciably shorter than the tube. Ovary 4 (8) loculate, placentation axile. Fruit a cartilaginous loculicidal capsule contained within the persistent calyx and corolla. Seeds several per loculus.

Worldwide: c. 735 species, most in the SW Cape; also in tropical Africa, Madagascar, Macaronesia and Europe

Malawi: 10 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
austronyassana Alm. & T.C.E. Fr.[End]S
benguelensis (Welw. ex Engl.) E.G.H. Oliv. var. benguelensis N,C,SDescription, Image
benguelensis (Welw. ex Engl.) E.G.H. Oliv. var. albescens (R. Ross) E.G.H. Oliv.NDescription
filago (Alm & T.C.E. Fr.) BeentjeN
johnstoniana BrittenSDescription, Image
mannii (Hook. f.) Beentje subsp. pallidiflora (Engl.) E.G.H. Oliv.N
milanjiana Bolus[End]S
nyassana (Alm. & T.C.E. Fr.) E.G.H. Oliv.[End]S
silvatica (Engl.) BeentjeN,SDescription, Image
whyteana BrittenS

Other sources of information about Erica:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Erica
Flora of Zambia: Erica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Erica

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Erica
Wikipedia: Erica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Erica.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1056, retrieved 31 March 2023

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