6460.000 Strychnos L.

Description of the genus

Shrubs, trees or lianes, sometimes with tendrils. Stipules mostly reduced to an often ciliate and straight rim connecting the petiole bases. Leaves opposite, sometimes decussate, or on the main axis sometimes ternate, entire, with 3-5 prominent veins (including the midvein) arising near the base of the lamina and running almost the entire length of the leaf. Flowers 4-5-merous, actinomorphic, bisexual. Corolla rotate to salver-shaped. Ovary 2- or 1-celled (spinosa). Fruit a berry, 1-2-celled, ± spherical.

Worldwide: 190 species in tropical and warm areas

Malawi: 11 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Atemnora westermannii (Westermann's hummingbird)
Stenoglene obtusus (Obtuse monkey)
Temnora natalis (Natal Temnora)
Strychnos cocculoides

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
angolensis GilgC,SDescription, Image
cocculoides BakerCDescription, Image
decussata (Pappe) GilgSImage
henningsii GilgSDescription, Image
innocua DelileN,CDescription, Image
lucens BakerN,SDescription, Image
madagascariensis Poir.N,C,SDescription, Image
mitis S. MooreS
potatorum L.f.NDescription, Image
pungens Soler.CDescription, Image
spinosa Lam.C,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Strychnos:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strychnos
Flora of Caprivi: Strychnos
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Strychnos
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos
Flora of Zambia: Strychnos
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strychnos

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strychnos
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strychnos
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strychnos
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strychnos
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strychnos
Plants of the World Online: Strychnos
Tropicos: Strychnos
Wikipedia: Strychnos

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Strychnos.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1088, retrieved 18 June 2024

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