7350.000 Plectranthus L'Hér.

COLEUS Lour.

ENGLERASTRUM Briq.

HOLOSTYLON Robyns & J.-P. Lebrun

NEOHYPTIS J.K. Morton

SOLENOSTEMON Thonn.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs. Stems herbaceous or woody below, sometimes succulent. Inflorescence paniculate, racemose or subspicate, usually terminal. Flowers in whorls, few-flowered cymes or dichasia, occasionally solitary. Bracts small, clearly differentiated from the leaves. Calyx 2-lipped (the upper lip consisting of a large single tooth, the lower lip of 4 lanceolate-triangular or subulate teeth) or subequally 5-toothed. Corolla 2-lipped, tube usually bent and expanded near the base; upper lip usually 4-lobed, shorter than the boat-shaped lower lip. Stamens 4; filaments free or united at base. Stigma shortly 2-lobed. Nutlets smooth.

Worldwide: c. 300 species from tropical and warm parts of the Old World

Malawi: 29 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Junonia orithya (Eyed pansy)
Precis archesia (Garden commodore, Garden inspector)
Plectranthus daviesii

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
alboviolaceus GürkeN,S
alpinus (Vatke) RydingN
autranii (Briq.) Erhardt, Götz & SeyboldSDescription, Image
baumii GürkeN,CDescription, Image
bojeri (Benth.) HedgeDescription, Image
buchananii Baker
coeruleus (Gürke) AgnewN
crassus N.E. Br.[End]S
daviesii (E.A. Bruce) B. Mathew[NrEnd]NDescription, Image
djalonensis (A. Chev.) A.J PatonN,C,SDescription, Image
elegans Britten[End][VU]S
esculentus N.E. Br.N,C,SDescription, Image
guerkei Briq.N,C,SDescription, Image
hadiensis (Forssk.) Spreng.Description, Image
hockii De Wild. NDescription, Image
kapatensis (R.E. Fr.) J.K. MortonDescription, Image
lasianthus (Gürke) VollesenSDescription, Image
malawiensis B. Mathew [NrEnd]NDescription
mandalensis Baker[NrEnd]S
modestus Baker
sanguineus BrittenDescription, Image
schizophyllus BakerN
shirensis (Gürke) A.J. PatonN,C,SDescription, Image
sigmoideus A.J. Paton NDescription, Image
swynnertonii S. MooreSDescription, Image
sylvestris Gürke
tenuicaulis (Hook. f.) J.K. Morton N,C
thyrsoideus (Baker) B. MathewDescription, Image
zombensis Baker[End]S

Other sources of information about Plectranthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Plectranthus
Flora of Caprivi: Plectranthus
Flora of Mozambique: Plectranthus
Flora of Zambia: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Plectranthus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plectranthus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plectranthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Plectranthus
Wikipedia: Plectranthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plectranthus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plectranthus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Plectranthus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1231, retrieved 5 March 2021

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