8399.000 Psychotria L.



Verdcourt, B. (1988) Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1)

Description of the genus

Subshrubs, shrubs or trees. Stipules entire or fimbriate. Leaves opposite, petiolate, either with domatia or with black nodules scattered throughout the leaf lamina. Flowers 4-5-merous, bisexual, heterostylous, arranged in terminal paniculate or umbellate inflorescences. Calyx minutely lobed. Corolla tube usually shortly cylindric; lobes valvate. Ovary 2-(3-4)-locular. Fruit a drupe, with 1-2 pyrenes, these not markedly dehiscent. Seeds usually with a dark (reddish-brown) testa; endosperm usually strongly ruminate.

Derivation of name: vivifying, from Greek: psyche, meaning life, referring to the healing properties of some species.

Worldwide: 800 - 1500 species in the tropics.

Malawi: 15 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Temnora marginata (Marginate temnora)
Psychotria mahonii

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
capensis (Eckl.) Vatke subsp. riparia (K. Schum. & K. Krause) Verdc. var. riparia S
djumaensis De Wild. var. zambesiaca E.M.A. PetitC
ealaensis De Wild.N,S
eminiana (Kuntze) E.M.A. Petit var. eminiana N,C,SDescription, Image
heterosticta E.M.A. Petit var. plurinervata E.M.A. PetitN
kirkii HiernN,SDescription, Image
linearisepala E.M.A. Petit var. linearisepala N,C,S
mahonii C.H. WrightN,C,SDescription, Image
peduncularis (Salisb.) Steyerm. var. nyassana (Krause) Verdc.N
peduncularis (Salis.) Steyerm. var. rufonyassana Verdc. N,S
pumila Hiern var. pumila N,C,SDescription, Image
pumila Hiern var. buzica (S. Moore) E.M.A. PetitSDescription, Image
sp. A [End]S
spithamea S. MooreN,CDescription, Image
zombamontana (Kuntze) E.M.A. PetitN,C,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Psychotria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Psychotria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Psychotria
Flora of Mozambique: Psychotria
Flora of Zambia: Psychotria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Psychotria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Psychotria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Psychotria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Psychotria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Psychotria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Psychotria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Psychotria
JSTOR Plant Science: Psychotria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Psychotria
Plants of the World Online: Psychotria
Tropicos: Psychotria
Wikipedia: Psychotria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Psychotria.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1413, retrieved 6 December 2023

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