Gymnosiphon Blume

White, F. (1978) Myrtaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4

Description of the genus

Annual herbs, saprophytic, lacking chlorophyll. Adventitious roots arising from rhizome. Imbricating basal leaves clustered at apex of rhizome. Stems erect, usually unbranched, with few alternate, ovate, triangular or lanceolate, sessile scales sometimes containing suppressed buds. Inflorescence a lax or congested, branched cyme, terminal, few-many-flowered, rarely reduced to one flower; cyme branches up to 7 cm. long. Flowers whitish, actinomorphic, small, sessile or pedicellate. Perianth tubular, not winged, circumscissile a little below the base of the tepals after flowering; 3 outer tepals often with lateral lobing, triangular-ovate, broad, larger than the 3 inner tepals, which are very small or absent. Ovary ovoid or globose, 1-locular, with 3 parietal placentas, each placenta having 2 apical globose glands. Fruit capsule subglobose, ellipsoid or club-shaped, crowned by the persistent perianth-base, dehiscing apically or longitudinally. Seeds ovoid or subglobose, reticulate, rugose without appendages.

Worldwide: 50 species in most tropical regions of the world.

Malawi: 1 taxon.

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SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
afro-orientalis CheekC,S

Other sources of information about Gymnosiphon:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Gymnosiphon
Flora of Zambia: Gymnosiphon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gymnosiphon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gymnosiphon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gymnosiphon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gymnosiphon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gymnosiphon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gymnosiphon
JSTOR Plant Science: Gymnosiphon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gymnosiphon
Plants of the World Online: Gymnosiphon
Tropicos: Gymnosiphon
Wikipedia: Gymnosiphon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Gymnosiphon., retrieved 23 April 2024

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