Anthoxanthum L.

Description of the genus

Sweet-scented annuals or perennials, often stoloniferous. Ligules membranous. Inflorescence a dense spike-like panicle. Spikelets solitary, pedicelled, moderately laterally compressed, usually 3-flowered (rarely less), awned; rhachilla disarticulating above the superior glume, not produced beyond the uppermost floret. Glumes 2, unequal, persistent, keeled, membranous, 1-3-nerved with the nerves usually prominent, apex acute to acuminate. The first and second lemmas similar and almost equal, membranous, narrowly oblong in profile, strongly laterally compressed, keeled, densely pilose, 2-fid to deeply 2-lobed, awned; the awns usually unequal, that of the first lemma usually short and inserted 1/3-1/2-way below the apex, usually straight; that of the second lemma as long as or longer than its body, inserted near the base or sometimes around the middle, geniculate. Terminal lemma muticous, much shorter than (1/3-1/2) the preceding ones, expanded broadly elliptic or ovate-elliptic, obtusely 2-keeled, thinly membranous. Ovary glabrous; styles distinct, long; stigmas long, rather slender, plumose, exserted from the apex.

Worldwide: Species 20, in southern and tropical Africa.

Malawi: 1 taxon.

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SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
ecklonii (Nees) StapfS

Other sources of information about Anthoxanthum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Anthoxanthum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Anthoxanthum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Anthoxanthum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Anthoxanthum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Anthoxanthum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Anthoxanthum
JSTOR Plant Science: Anthoxanthum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Anthoxanthum
Plants of the World Online: Anthoxanthum
Tropicos: Anthoxanthum
Wikipedia: Anthoxanthum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Anthoxanthum., retrieved 25 April 2024

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