515.000 Scleria Bergius

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs. Culms ± triangular, leafy. Leaves linear to narrowly oblong. Sheaths closed. Spikelets bearing flowers of one or both sexes; the bisexual spikelets with one basal female and 1-few males above; female spikelet with 1 basal female and 1-2 empty scales or none, above; male spikelets with 1-numerous male flowers. Flowers unisexual, solitary in axils of the glumes, the lower 2-4 glumes empty. Perianth bristles 0. Male flowers consisting of 1-3 stamens. Female flowers with 3 stigmas, not enclosed in a utricle. Nutlet often white, grey or ± black, borne on a hypogynium. Hypogynium often triangular, widened out into a simple or 3-lobed disk or (rarely) a cupule or almost 0.

Comment: The exact occurrence of species in this genus is as yet unknown and the list is incomplete. Many of the species are listed solely on the basis of Malawi being cited in the distribution of the species in Flora of Tropical East Africa.

Worldwide: 200 species in tropical and warm regions

Malawi: 20 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
bulbifera Hochst. ex A.Rich.Description, Image
delicatula Nelmes
distans Poir.Description, Image
dregeana KunthDescription, Image
erythrorrhiza Ridl. Description, Image
flexuosa BoeckelerDescription, Image
foliosa Hochst. ex A.Rich.Description, Image
glabra Boeck. Description, Image
griegifolia (Ridl.) C.B. ClarkeDescription, Image
lagoensis BoeckelerDescription, Image
longispiculata Nelmes Description, Image
melanomphala KunthDescription, Image
nyasensis C.B. ClarkeSDescription, Image
pooides Ridl.Description, Image
pulchella Ridl.
racemosa Poir.Description, Image
rehmannii C.B. ClarkeDescription, Image
richardsiae E.A. Rob.
welwitschii C.B. ClarkeDescription, Image
woodii C.B.Clarke var. woodii NapperDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Scleria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Scleria
Flora of Caprivi: Scleria
Flora of Mozambique: Scleria
Flora of Zambia: Scleria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Scleria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Scleria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Scleria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Scleria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Scleria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Scleria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Scleria
JSTOR Plant Science: Scleria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Scleria
Plants of the World Online: Scleria
Tropicos: Scleria
Wikipedia: Scleria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Scleria.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=291, retrieved 7 June 2023

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