4709.000 Pyrenacantha Wight

Clarke, H. & Charters, M. (ed. Moll, E.) (2016) The Illustrated Dictionary of Southern African Plant Names Jacana Media, South Africa

Description of the genus

Dioecious or monoecious, lianes or climbing shrubs. Leaves alternate. Inflorescences of spikes or racemes. Flowers unisexual. Calyx 0. Petals forming a 4(-5-) lobed corolla, which is persistent in fruit. Male flowers: stamens alternating with petals; vestigial ovary present. Female flowers: vestigial staminodes alternating with petals; ovary ovoid, crowned by a sessile stigma. Fruits broadly ovoid, usually flattened; endocarp spiny on the inner face.

Derivation of name: from Pyren which is Greek for fruit-stone or kernel and akanthos which is thorn. It refers to the peg-like or thorn-like protuberances that impact the inner walls of the fruit.

Worldwide: 20 species in the Old World tropics.

Malawi: 1 taxon.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
kaurabassana Baill.SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Pyrenacantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Pyrenacantha
Flora of Zambia: Pyrenacantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pyrenacantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pyrenacantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pyrenacantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pyrenacantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pyrenacantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pyrenacantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pyrenacantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Pyrenacantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pyrenacantha
Plants of the World Online: Pyrenacantha
Tropicos: Pyrenacantha
Wikipedia: Pyrenacantha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Pyrenacantha.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=898, retrieved 13 April 2024

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