Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A. Braun

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Selaginella kraussiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gwasha forest, Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Selaginella kraussiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gwasha forest, Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Selaginella kraussiana

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Lycopodium kraussianum Kunze
Selaginella hortensis Mett.
Common names:
Fern widely creeping, mat-forming, erect ultimate branches, rooting for most of its length. Leaves dimorphic; lateral leaves oblong-elliptic, 3-4 × 0.75-1.5 mm, larger and more spreading than median leaves; median leaves lanceolate to ovate, up to 2.5 mm long, apex pointed, base cordate and unequal, margins finely toothed. Strobili situated on short side branches, sporophylls similar but narrower than the median leaves, of one type only.
Derivation of specific name: kraussiana:  type specimen collected by Dr. F. von Krauss (1812-1890), a German naturalist & director of the Natural History Museum in Stuttgart
Altitude range:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Bioko, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Malawi, Rwanda, Sierra Leon, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 28 - 29. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 81.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 43. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 96 - 97. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 15.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 25.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 146 - 147. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 26 - 27.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 24.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 26 - 27.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 16.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Other sources of information about Selaginella kraussiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Selaginella kraussiana
Flora of Mozambique: Selaginella kraussiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Selaginella kraussiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Selaginella kraussiana
African Plant Database: Selaginella kraussiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Selaginella kraussiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Selaginella kraussiana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Selaginella kraussiana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Selaginella kraussiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Selaginella kraussiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Selaginella kraussiana
iNaturalist: Selaginella kraussiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Selaginella kraussiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Selaginella kraussiana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Selaginella kraussiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Selaginella kraussiana
Plants of the World Online: Selaginella kraussiana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Selaginella kraussiana
Tropicos: Selaginella kraussiana
Wikipedia: Selaginella kraussiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Selaginella kraussiana., retrieved 21 October 2019

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