Hymenophyllum tunbridgense (L.) Sm.

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Hymenophyllum tunbridgense

Photo: Petra Ballings

Hymenophyllum tunbridgense

Photo: Petra Ballings

Hymenophyllum tunbridgense

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Trichomanes thomassetii C.H. Wright
Trichomanes tunbridgense L.
Common names:
Rhizome wiry, bearing fronds up to 7 cm apart. Stipe up to 3 cm long, filiform, not winged or narrowly winged in the upper half. Lamina lanceolate, narrowly oblong or narrowly elliptic in outline, up to 14 × 3.5 cm. Pinnae bilaterally pinnatifid to 2-pinnatifid in up to 25 lobes; ultimate lobes linear, glabrous, margins entire basally, becoming serrate towards the tips. Sori borne on the lowest acroscopic lobes, soral valves serrate, base of the sorus not winged by the lamina lobes.
Derivation of specific name: tunbri(d)gense: this fern was first collected in southern England, in the towns of either Tonbridge or Tunbridge Wells.
Altitude range:
Worldwide distribution: Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar, Malwi, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 97 - 98. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 84.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32. As Hymenophyllum tunbrigense

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 162 - 163. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 194 - 195. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 41.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 47.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 80. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Hymenophyllum tunbridgense:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
African Plant Database: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Plants of the World Online: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Tropicos: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Wikipedia: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100480, retrieved 16 April 2024

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