Asplenium rutifolium (P.J. Bergius) Kunze

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Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Bunga forest, Vumba

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chimanimani, Haroni river, Tessa's pool

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
By the Swynnerton Memorial, Chirinda Forest

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
By the Swynnerton Memorial, Chirinda Forest

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Parking area, Mtarazi Falls, Nyanga

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mount Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Asplenium achilleifolium (Lam.) C.Chr.
Asplenium bipinnatum (Forssk.) C.Chr.
Asplenium rutifolium (P.J. Bergius) Kunze var. bipinnatum (Forssk.) Schelpe
Caenopteris rutifolium P.J. Bergius
Lonchitis bipinnatum Forssk.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Rhizome erect, up to 25 mm wide and 40mm long; scales dark brown, up to 9 × 1.2 mm, margin subentire, linear-lanceolate to narrowly triangular. Fronds tufted, not proliferous, coriaceous. Stipe up to 18 cm, glabrous at maturity, pale straw-coloured to matt brown when dry. Lamina 7-30 cm × 2.8-11 cm, 2- to 3-pinnatifid, oblong-lanceolate in outline. Pinnae hairless or with few small scales below, deeply incised into linear-oblanceolate lobes but with a 2-9 lobed acroscopic basal segment or with some of the lower segments sometimes 2-fid, angled forward at c. 45°.  Sori one per lobe,oval, situated on the lateral margin, half way up the lobe, facing toward the pinnae apex, indusium entire.
Notes: Very similar toA. loxoscaphoides which has paler, ovate and larger (12 x 2-3mm) rhizome scales. A. loxoscaphoides is a larger specimen (lamina 32-80 x 13-26 cm) with more pinnae (23-44 pairs).
Derivation of specific name: Rutifolium: with leaves like Ruta, a genus of the Rutaceae family.
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, also Yemen and Madagascan region
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 236 - 238. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 94.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 630 - 631. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 9.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 374 - 376. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 170.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 95 - 96.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 185 - 187. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Asplenium rutifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Asplenium rutifolium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Asplenium rutifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asplenium rutifolium
African Plant Database: Asplenium rutifolium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Asplenium rutifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asplenium rutifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium rutifolium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Asplenium rutifolium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Asplenium rutifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asplenium rutifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Asplenium rutifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium rutifolium
Ispot Southern Africa: Asplenium rutifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium rutifolium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Asplenium rutifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asplenium rutifolium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Asplenium rutifolium
Tropicos: Asplenium rutifolium


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Asplenium rutifolium.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102700, retrieved 20 June 2019

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