Oplismenus compositus (L.) P. Beauv.

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Synonyms: Panicum compositum L.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rambling perennial with culms 15–150 cm long. Leaves lanceolate to narrowly ovate. Racemes up to 11 cm long, the spikelet pairs distant. Spikelets 2.5–4 mm. long, hairless to pubescent; awns smooth and sticky, the longest in each pair of spikelets 3–10 mm.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In shade in forest.
Altitude range: 300 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mainly tropical Asia, but also in the eastern half of Africa to Polynesia; rare in South America
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 41.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 6 - 8. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 49.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Other sources of information about Oplismenus compositus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Oplismenus compositus
Flora of Mozambique: Oplismenus compositus
Flora of Zambia: Oplismenus compositus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Oplismenus compositus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oplismenus compositus
African Plant Database: Oplismenus compositus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oplismenus compositus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oplismenus compositus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oplismenus compositus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Oplismenus compositus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oplismenus compositus
JSTOR Plant Science: Oplismenus compositus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oplismenus compositus
Plants of the World Online: Oplismenus compositus
Tropicos: Oplismenus compositus
Wikipedia: Oplismenus compositus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Oplismenus compositus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=106070, retrieved 25 April 2024

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