Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Echinochloa ramosa (L.) Roberty
Panicum pallidum Peter
Panicum ramosum L.
Urochloa ramosa (L.) Nguyen
Common names:
Status: Native
Loosely tufted annual. Culms 10–70 cm. high. Inflorescence of 3–15 racemes, these 1–3 cm. long, simple or the longest with branchlets at the base, bearing mostly paired loosely contiguous spikelets appressed to a triquetrous rhachis; pedicels shorter than spikelets, 1–2 mm. long. Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, glabrous to pubescent, acute, with or without a short stipe up to 0.5 mm. long. Inferior glume 1/3–1/3 length of spikelet. Superior lemma rugose, subacute to acute
Derivation of specific name: ramosa: branched
Habitat: Roadsides and old farmland in savanna woodland
Altitude range: 500 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Asia, Arabia to Senegal with scattered records elsewhere in Africa
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 78.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 31.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Other sources of information about Brachiaria ramosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Brachiaria ramosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachiaria ramosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria ramosa
African Plant Database: Brachiaria ramosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria ramosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria ramosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria ramosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachiaria ramosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria ramosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria ramosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria ramosa
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria ramosa
Tropicos: Brachiaria ramosa
Wikipedia: Brachiaria ramosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Brachiaria ramosa., retrieved 30 September 2023

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