Eriochloa stapfiana Clayton

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Synonyms: Eriochloa borumensis auct. non Hackel
Common names:
Status: Native
Tufted perennial. Culms 60–120 cm. high, robust. Inflorescence of 6–many racemes, these 2–7 cm. long, bearing spikelets in pairs or on short appressed side branchlets, the rhachis triquetrous and puberulous or pubescent, rarely pilose. Spikelets 3–4 mm. long, narrowly ovate, appressedly pubescent. Inferior glume absent; superior glume acuminate or with an awn-point up to 1 mm. long. Inferior floret with a palea. Superior lemma usually with a mucro up to 0.5 mm. long.
Derivation of specific name: stapfiana: after Dr. Otto Stapf (1857-1933), Austrian-born British botanist, taxonomist and author of many plant taxa. He was Curator at the Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, Fellow of the Linnean Society and the Royal Society.
Habitat: Marshy places and by water
Altitude range: Up to 100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, S. Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 85 - 86.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 41. As Eriochloa borumensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 104.

Other sources of information about Eriochloa stapfiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Eriochloa stapfiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eriochloa stapfiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriochloa stapfiana
African Plant Database: Eriochloa stapfiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriochloa stapfiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriochloa stapfiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriochloa stapfiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriochloa stapfiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriochloa stapfiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriochloa stapfiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriochloa stapfiana
Plants of the World Online: Eriochloa stapfiana
Tropicos: Eriochloa stapfiana
Wikipedia: Eriochloa stapfiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eriochloa stapfiana., retrieved 25 April 2024

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