Paspalum scrobiculatum L.

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Paspalum scrobiculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haka Game Park, Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Synonyms: Paspalum auriculatum Presl
Paspalum commersonii Lam.
Paspalum dissectum var. grande Nees
Paspalum orbiculare G. Forst.
Paspalum polystachyum R. Br.
Paspalum scrobiculatum var. auriculatum (Presl) Merr.
Paspalum scrobiculatum var. bispicatum Hackel
Paspalum scrobiculatum var. commersonii (Lam.) Stapf
Paspalum scrobiculatum var. polystachyum (R.Br.) Stapf
Common names: Veld paspalum (English)
Status: Native
Perennial tufted grass, up to 1.5 m, but usually much smaller, 1–6 mm. in diam., the nodes mostly exposed, erect or ascending from a decumbent base and rooting at the nodes below. Leaves light green, often tinged with purple, leaf laminae 5–40 cm. long, 3–15 mm. wide, linear, tapering to a filiform apex. Inflorescence mostly digitate with 2 or 3 racemes, but occasionally more, or borne on an axis up to 8 cm. long, the longest raceme 4–15 cm. long. Spikelets 1.4–3 mm. long, green becoming brown, almost round, glabrous, in 2 overlapping rows along the thickened rhachis 1–2.5 mm. wide. Inferior glume absent. Inferior lemma papery or rarely coriaceous, glabrous. Superior lemma brown at maturity.
Derivation of specific name: scrobiculatum: minutely pitted
Habitat: In damp soils, roadsides and cultivated land, often near water.
Altitude range: Up to 1900 m
Flowering time:Oct - May
Worldwide distribution: Throughout the Old World tropics.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 358. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 89 - 90.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 441. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 53. As Paspalum commersonii and as P. polystachyum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 142.

Other sources of information about Paspalum scrobiculatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Paspalum scrobiculatum
Flora of Caprivi: Paspalum scrobiculatum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Paspalum scrobiculatum
Flora of Mozambique: Paspalum scrobiculatum
Flora of Zambia: Paspalum scrobiculatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Paspalum scrobiculatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Paspalum scrobiculatum
African Plant Database: Paspalum scrobiculatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Paspalum scrobiculatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Paspalum scrobiculatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Paspalum scrobiculatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Paspalum scrobiculatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Paspalum scrobiculatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Paspalum scrobiculatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Paspalum scrobiculatum
Plants of the World Online: Paspalum scrobiculatum
Tropicos: Paspalum scrobiculatum
Wikipedia: Paspalum scrobiculatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Paspalum scrobiculatum., retrieved 16 July 2024

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