Setaria incrassata (Hochst.) Hack.

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Setaria incrassata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no4, Gorongosa National Park

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Synonyms: Panicum incrassatum Hochst.
Setaria bequaertii Robyns
Setaria breviseta Peter
Setaria ciliolata Stapf & C.E. Hubb.
Setaria eylesii Stapf & C.E. Hubb.
Setaria gerrardii Stapf
Setaria holstii Herrm.
Setaria kersteniana Peter
Setaria lacunosa Peter
Setaria lindiensis Pilger
Setaria longissima Chiov.
Setaria merkeri Herrm.
Setaria modesta Stapf
Setaria mombassana Herrm.
Setaria pabularis Stapf
Setaria palustris Stapf
Setaria perberbis de Wit
Setaria phanerococca Stapf
Setaria phragmitoides Stapf
Setaria porphyrantha Stapf
Setaria rudifolia Stapf
Setaria woodii Hack.
Common names:
Status: Native
Tufted perennial, arising from a short rhizome. Culms 20-200 cm; nodes pubescent although hairs sometimes quickly shed, basal sheaths pallid to light brown. Leaves: lamina 10-60 cm × 1-15 mm. Panicle 3-30 cm, spike-like, cylindric, or somewhat irregular; bristles 2-15 mm, in bundles of 4, usually pallid green often with purple tips and sometimes wholly purple; , the rhachis tomentellous to sparsely pilose. Spikelets 2-3(-4) mm, broadly ovate to gibbously suborbicular, laterally flattened; lower glume 1/3 to 2/3, upper glume 2/3 to as long as, the spikelet; upper glume (5-)7-9(-11)-nerved. Inferior floret male, its lemma firmly membranous.Upper lemma punctate to obscurely rugose.
Derivation of specific name: incrassata: thickened; reference obscure
Habitat: Usually in black clay soils, sometimes in drier habitats.
Altitude range: Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria to Eritrea and South Africa, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 361.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 51.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 96 - 98. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 59. As Setaria mombassana, S. palustris and S. phragmitoides

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 144.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28.

Other sources of information about Setaria incrassata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Setaria incrassata
Flora of Mozambique: Setaria incrassata
Flora of Zambia: Setaria incrassata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Setaria incrassata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Setaria incrassata
African Plant Database: Setaria incrassata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Setaria incrassata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Setaria incrassata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Setaria incrassata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Setaria incrassata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria incrassata
JSTOR Plant Science: Setaria incrassata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Setaria incrassata
Plants of the World Online: Setaria incrassata
Tropicos: Setaria incrassata
Wikipedia: Setaria incrassata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Setaria incrassata., retrieved 23 June 2024

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