Digitaria angolensis Rendle

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Synonyms: Digitaria verrucosa C.E. Hubbard
Digitaria yokoensis Vanderyst
Common names:
Status: Native
A loosely caespitose or solitary growing annual. Culms 15–60 cm., erect or ascending, rarely from a creeping base, glabrous, nodes dark, glabrous. Leaf sheaths glabrous. Ligule 0.57–1 mm. long, rim-like. Leaf laminae 5–10 × 0.4–0.7 cm., linear, flat, glabrous on both surfaces, minutely scaberulous along the prominently crisped margin. Inflorescence composed of 2–5 racemes, (4)7–18 cm. long, erect, solitary along a short common axis. Rhachis triquetrous, scarcely winged, up to 0.5 mm. broad, smooth, with scabrous margins. Pedicels 3-nate, 0.4–3 mm. long, triangular, scabrous, slightly broadened at the apex. Spikelets 2.0–2.6 mm. long, ovate, inflated. Inferior glume 0.1–0.2 mm. long, blunt, hyaline. Superior glume somewhat shorter than the spikelet, oblong-triangular, 3(5)-nerved, appressed hairy, hairs white to purplish, undulating, with rough, papillose wall. Inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, ovate with recurved margins, 5-nerved, the central and 2 marginal nerves well developed, 2 subcentral nerves but poorly developed, appressed hairy, hairs scarcely overtopping the spikelet. Superior lemma somewhat shorter than the spikelet, ovate, apiculate, pale yellow to pale brown, sometimes purplish tinged.
Derivation of specific name: angolensis: of Angola
Habitat: Weed of arable land and sandy roadsides.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From DRC and Tanzania south to Angola and South Africa, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 166. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Other sources of information about Digitaria angolensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Digitaria angolensis
Flora of Zambia: Digitaria angolensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Digitaria angolensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Digitaria angolensis
African Plant Database: Digitaria angolensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Digitaria angolensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Digitaria angolensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Digitaria angolensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Digitaria angolensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Digitaria angolensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Digitaria angolensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Digitaria angolensis
Plants of the World Online: Digitaria angolensis
Tropicos: Digitaria angolensis
Wikipedia: Digitaria angolensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Digitaria angolensis.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107510, retrieved 25 April 2024

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