Cenchrus geniculatus Thunb.

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Synonyms: Panicum geniculatum (Thunb.) Thunb.
Pennisetum geniculatum (Thunb.) Leeke
Pennisetum leekei Mez
Pennisetum leekei var. leucostachys Peter
Pennisetum paucisetum Peter
Pennisetum thunbergii Kunth
Pennisetum thunbergii var. galpinii Stapf
Common names:
Status: Native
Loosely tufted rhizomatous perennial. Culms 10–150 cm. high, erect or geniculate, glabrous or pubescent below panicle. Leaf laminae 2–8 mm. wide, flat or convolute. Panicle 2–15 cm. long, linear to narrowly oblong; rhachis cylindrical with rounded ribs and distinct peduncle stumps, scaberulous; involucre enclosing 1 sessile spikelet, the base truncate; bristles fine, glabrous, the longest 5–14 mm. Spikelets 2.5–5 mm. long. Inferior glume suppressed or up to 1 mm. long, the superior up to 1/4 length of spikelet, acute to emarginate. Inferior lemma (1/4)1/3–2/3(3/4) length of spikelet, abruptly acuminate to cuspidate, usually with a mucro 0.5–1.5 mm. long. Superior lemma thinly coriaceous, acuminate or with a mucro up to 1 mm. long; anther tips smooth to distinctly penicillate.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Upland grassland, particularly on damp soils
Altitude range: 1500 - 2500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Yemen to S. Africa and Sri Lanka
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 358. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 43.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 183 - 184. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 54. As Pennisetum thunbergii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108. As Pennisetum thunbergii

Other sources of information about Cenchrus geniculatus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cenchrus geniculatus
Flora of Zambia: Cenchrus geniculatus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cenchrus geniculatus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cenchrus geniculatus
African Plant Database: Cenchrus geniculatus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cenchrus geniculatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cenchrus geniculatus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cenchrus geniculatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cenchrus geniculatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cenchrus geniculatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cenchrus geniculatus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cenchrus geniculatus
Plants of the World Online: Cenchrus geniculatus
Tropicos: Cenchrus geniculatus
Wikipedia: Cenchrus geniculatus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Cenchrus geniculatus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107880, retrieved 22 April 2024

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