Andropogon textilis Welw.

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Synonyms: Andropogon roseus Napper
Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 165 cm high, erect, branched above, tinged with dark red. Leaf sheaths often pilose; ligule 6–12(27) mm long, acute; laminas 25–63 cm long, 5–6 mm wide, loosely pilose near the ligule, tapering to a fine point at the apex. Racemes solitary, 3.2–3.7 cm long, exserted from the spatheoles, silvery with white hairs; peduncles longer than the racemes; internodes and pedicels clavate, ciliate on both margins with hairs c. 4 mm long. Sessile spikelet 6–8 mm long; inferior glume with a deep median groove, pilose; superior glume convex on the back, 2-toothed at the apex and with an awn 7–15 mm long; superior lemma bifid to the middle; awn geniculate, 21–24 mm long; anthers 2.3–2.8 mm long, dark red. Pedicelled spikelet male, 5.8–8 mm long, shortly pilose, reddish, with an awn up to 3.3 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: textilis: used for weaving
Habitat: Growing in grassland and Brachystegia woodland
Altitude range: 1250 - 1450 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 341.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 75.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 99.

Other sources of information about Andropogon textilis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Andropogon textilis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Andropogon textilis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Andropogon textilis
African Plant Database: Andropogon textilis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Andropogon textilis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Andropogon textilis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Andropogon textilis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Andropogon textilis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Andropogon textilis
JSTOR Plant Science: Andropogon textilis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Andropogon textilis
Plants of the World Online: Andropogon textilis
Tropicos: Andropogon textilis
Wikipedia: Andropogon textilis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Andropogon textilis., retrieved 21 April 2024

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