Hyparrhenia anamesa Clayton

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Synonyms: Hyparrhenia filipendula sensu Stent & Rattray, non (Hochst.) Stapf.
Hyparrhenia filipendula var. pilosa sensu Sturgeon, non (Hochst.) Stapf.
Common names:
Status: Native
Densely caespitose perennial; culms up to 120 cm high. Leaf sheaths glabrous or sometimes thinly hirsute; leaf laminas up to 40 cm × 4 mm, but often much shorter, harsh, glaucous. False panicle 15–45 cm long, lax; spatheoles 4–6 cm long, linear; peduncles slender and flexuous, usually longer than the spatheoles, with or without spreading white hairs above; racemes 1.5–2.5 cm long, 4–6(7)-awned per pair, white-villous, terminally exserted, not deflexed; raceme-bases very unequal, the superior 3.5–6 mm long, filiform, glabrous or sometimes softly hirsute. Homogamous spikelets 5–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate, glabrous or sometimes softly hirsute, 1 or 2 pairs at the base of the inferior raceme, 2 pairs (rarely only 1) at the base of the superior raceme. Sessile spikelet 5–6.5 mm long; callus 1–1.8 mm long, acute; inferior glume linear-oblong, white-villous; awn 2.5–4 cm long, the column pubescent with hairs 0.1–0.6 mm long. Pedicelled spikelets 4–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate, white-villous, muticous or occasionally with an awn-point 1–2 mm long; callus absent; pedicel-tooth c. 0.6 mm long, triangular.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing on dry slopes and in grassy plains
Altitude range: Up to 1710 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: In eastern Africa from Sudan southwards to South Africa, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 348.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 111 - 112. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 138.

Other sources of information about Hyparrhenia anamesa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hyparrhenia anamesa
Flora of Mozambique: Hyparrhenia anamesa
Flora of Zambia: Hyparrhenia anamesa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyparrhenia anamesa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyparrhenia anamesa
African Plant Database: Hyparrhenia anamesa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyparrhenia anamesa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyparrhenia anamesa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hyparrhenia anamesa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hyparrhenia anamesa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyparrhenia anamesa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hyparrhenia anamesa
iNaturalist: Hyparrhenia anamesa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyparrhenia anamesa
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyparrhenia anamesa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hyparrhenia anamesa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Hyparrhenia anamesa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyparrhenia anamesa
Plants of the World Online: Hyparrhenia anamesa
Tropicos: Hyparrhenia anamesa
Wikipedia: Hyparrhenia anamesa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Hyparrhenia anamesa.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108790, retrieved 26 March 2023

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