Hyparrhenia pilgeriana C.E. Hubb.

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Synonyms: Cymbopogon stolzii Pilg.
Hyparrhenia claessensii Robyns
Hyparrhenia formosa auct. non Stapf.
Common names:
Status: Native
Laxly caespitose perennial arising from a short rhizome clad in scaly white cataphylls; culms up to 60 cm high and 1–2 mm in diameter, slender, weakly ascending or untidily rambling. Leaf sheaths glabrous; leaf laminas 5–10(15) cm × 2–4 mm, usually rather thin, glabrous. False panicle 5–30 cm long, open and scanty, often only with 10–20 raceme-pairs but sometimes denser with more numerous pairs; spatheoles 2–3 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, reddish-brown, glabrous; peduncles 0.9–3 cm long, from half as long as to slightly longer than the spatheole, pilose with yellow or sometimes white hairs above; racemes 1–1.5 cm long, (4)6–7-awned per pair, exserted laterally with or without a sinuous hook in the peduncle, not or tardily deflexed; raceme-bases subequal and up to 0.5 mm long, or rather unequal with the superior up to 1.5 mm long, subterete, typically with a scarious rim up to 0.2 mm long at the summit, or rarely with a short appendage up to 0.5 mm long. Homogamous spikelets 4–5.5 mm long, a single pair at the base of the inferior raceme only, glabrous except for the ciliolate margins. Sessile spikelets 3.5–5 mm long; callus 0.4–0.7 mm long, oblong or sometimes square, broadly rounded at the apex; inferior glume lanceolate, glabrous or white-puberulous; awn 0.7–1.7 cm long, the column white-puberulous. Pedicelled spikelets 4–4.5 mm long, purple, glabrous, awnless or with a short awn-point up to 1.5 mm long; callus scarcely developed; pedicel-tooth obscure.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in the uplands in seasonal swamps, on forest margins and on grassy slopes, sometimes descending into the lowlands in deciduous bushland, wooded grassland and old fallow fields
Altitude range: 1050 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eastern Africa from Ethiopia southwards to Malawi and then sporadically to South Africa, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 350.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 117 - 120. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Other sources of information about Hyparrhenia pilgeriana:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
African Plant Database: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
Plants of the World Online: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
Tropicos: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana
Wikipedia: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Hyparrhenia pilgeriana.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108950, retrieved 18 April 2024

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