Borassus aethiopum Mart.

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Borassus aethiopum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Valley

Borassus aethiopum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Valley

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Synonyms: Borassus flabellifer L. var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Common names: Borassus palm (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Large palm tree. Stems erect, up to 20 m, with a distinct swelling above the middle. Leaves crowded on top of the stem, fan-shaped, blue-green up to 4 m including the petiole. Petiole armed with recurved thorns. Flowers in large branched sprays, unisexual on separate trees, female flowers larger than male. Fruit large, 12-18 cm in diameter, subspherical, orange-brown.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: aethiopum: Ethiopia, the name of the sub-Saharan biological region before the country formerly known as Abyssinia claimed the name Ethiopia.
Habitat: In moist open woodland and riverine areas or floodplain alluvium.
Altitude range: Up to 400 m
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Sudanian, Zambezian and Coastal phytochoria, extending to northern South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 2 September 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 51. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Dransfield, J. (2010). Arecaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 61 - 63. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 232.

Fanshawe, D.B. (). District vegetation reports Division of Forest Research, Kitwe (roneo).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1971). The Vegetation of Zambia. Division of Forest Research, Kitwe.

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 162.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press.

White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa. A descriptive memoir. UNESCO, Paris

Other sources of information about Borassus aethiopum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Borassus aethiopum
Flora of Zambia: Borassus aethiopum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Borassus aethiopum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Borassus aethiopum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Borassus aethiopum
African Plant Database: Borassus aethiopum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Borassus aethiopum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Borassus aethiopum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Borassus aethiopum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Borassus aethiopum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Borassus aethiopum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Borassus aethiopum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Borassus aethiopum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Borassus aethiopum
Ispot Southern Africa: Borassus aethiopum
JSTOR Plant Science: Borassus aethiopum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Borassus aethiopum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Borassus aethiopum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Borassus aethiopum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Borassus aethiopum
Tropicos: Borassus aethiopum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Borassus aethiopum.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=111950, retrieved 22 July 2019

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