Murdannia simplex (Vahl) Brenan

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Murdannia simplex

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Chisanga Falls, Nyika National Park

Murdannia simplex

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Chisanga Falls, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Aneilema sinicum Ker-Gawl.
Commelina simplex Vahl
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb, 30-60 cm. Leaves 3-4, mostly basal; lamina up to 20 × 1 cm, linear, glabrous, but ciliate towards the base; basal part sheathing. Inflorescence bearing scars of early flowers. Flowers opening in late afternoon. Petals 3, equal, obovate, c.10 mm. Stamens: 2 upper, fertile and curved downwards, the third sterile; filaments with long purple, beaded hairs. Staminodes 3 with glabrous filaments, the empty anthers yellow and 3-lobed. Capsule oblong-spherical, c.6 mm. Seeds oblong-spherical, 1.5 mm, the transverse ribs tuberculate, reticulate.
Derivation of specific name: simplex: undivided, entire
Habitat: In grassland, woodland, on rocky outcrops, along roadsides and on the edges of marshes, dams and rivers.
Altitude range: Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, South Africa and Madagascar. Also in tropical Asia but this may still prove to be a separate taxon.
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 13 May 2019

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 242 - 243. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 297. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 122.

Faden, R. (2012). Commelinaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 51 - 54. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 87.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 37 - 38. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 108.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 340 - 341. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 71.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 82.

Other sources of information about Murdannia simplex:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Murdannia simplex
Flora of Mozambique: Murdannia simplex
Flora of Zambia: Murdannia simplex
Flora of Zimbabwe: Murdannia simplex

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Murdannia simplex
African Plant Database: Murdannia simplex
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Murdannia simplex
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Murdannia simplex
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Murdannia simplex
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Murdannia simplex
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Murdannia simplex
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Murdannia simplex
iNaturalist: Murdannia simplex
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Murdannia simplex
JSTOR Plant Science: Murdannia simplex
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Murdannia simplex
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Murdannia simplex
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Murdannia simplex
Plants of the World Online: Murdannia simplex
The Plant List (version 1.1): Murdannia simplex
Tropicos: Murdannia simplex
Wikipedia: Murdannia simplex

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Murdannia simplex., retrieved 19 October 2019

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