Kniphofia splendida E.A. Bruce

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Kniphofia splendida

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Chimanimani Mts

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Synonyms: Kniphofia monticola Blackmore
Common names: Red hot poker (English)
Status: Native
Robust clump-forming perennial, up to 2 m. Leaves long and linear, erect when young but soon becoming bent over, dull green or glaucous. Peduncle, stout, up to 1.6 m. Flowers in a dense raceme up to 28 cm, orange to red-orange. Perianth funnel-shaped, slightly constricted above the ovary; stamens exserted 5-10 mm. This species can be distinguished from the common Kniphofia linearifolia by the much more robust habit and the longer and more compacted inflorescence
Notes: The population on Mt Mulanje was formerly regarded as the endemic taxon K. monticola S. Blackmore but is now considered conspecific with the more widespread K. splendida.
Derivation of specific name: splendida: splendid, striking
Habitat: Wet montane grassland
Altitude range: 1400 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Eswatini and Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 8 October 2014

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 188 - 189. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66(2) Page 247.

Kativu, S. (1996). Asphodelaceae of the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 16(1) Page 34.

Kativu, S. (2001). Asphodelaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3) Pages 32 - 33.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 86.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Page 25. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2002). Endemics of Mt. Mulanje. The endemic spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Systematics and Geography of Plants 72 Page 14.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 49. also as Kniphofia monticola

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 81.

Other sources of information about Kniphofia splendida:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Kniphofia splendida
Flora of Zimbabwe: Kniphofia splendida

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Kniphofia splendida
African Plant Database: Kniphofia splendida
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Kniphofia splendida
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Kniphofia splendida
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Kniphofia splendida
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Kniphofia splendida
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Kniphofia splendida
JSTOR Plant Science: Kniphofia splendida
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Kniphofia splendida
Plants of the World Online: Kniphofia splendida
Tropicos: Kniphofia splendida
Wikipedia: Kniphofia splendida

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Kniphofia splendida., retrieved 3 October 2023

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