Dracaena mannii Baker

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Dracaena mannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Dracaena mannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Dracaena mannii

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Dracaena mannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyabamba Bridge, rd to Rusitu Forest.

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Synonyms: Dracaena gazensis Rendle
Dracaena nitens Welw. ex Baker
Dracaena reflexa Lam. var. nitens (Welw. ex Baker) Baker
Dracaena usambarensis Engl.
Common names: Small-leaved dragon tree (English)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree. Leaves linear, mostly concentrated in terminal rosettes. Flowers in terminal spikes or branched panicles, cream, opening at night, sweetly scented. Fruit berry-like, bright red when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: mannii: after Gustav Mann (1836-1916), British colonial representative in the Gulf of Guinea, who collected plants in that area.
Habitat: At the margins and in the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa from Senegal and Zanzibar to Angola and South Africa. Regional:Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 2 September 2015

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 59. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 115 - 116. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 125.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 21. As Dracaena usambarensis

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 232. As Dracaena reflexa nitens

La Croix, I. (2010). Dracaenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 15 - 16. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 90.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 114. Also as D. reflexa var. nitens

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 1. as Dracaena gazensis

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 79 - 80.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 16. as Dracaena reflexa var. nitens

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 99 - 100. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Dracaena mannii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Dracaena mannii
Flora of Mozambique: Dracaena mannii
Flora of Zambia: Dracaena mannii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dracaena mannii
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Dracaena mannii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dracaena mannii
African Plant Database: Dracaena mannii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dracaena mannii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dracaena mannii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dracaena mannii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Dracaena mannii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dracaena mannii
JSTOR Plant Science: Dracaena mannii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dracaena mannii
Plants of the World Online: Dracaena mannii
Tropicos: Dracaena mannii
Wikipedia: Dracaena mannii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Dracaena mannii.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=114630, retrieved 13 July 2024

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