Cynorkis kassneriana Kraenzl.

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Cynorkis kassneriana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelida Camp, Nyika National Park

Cynorkis kassneriana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelida Camp, Nyika National Park

Cynorkis kassneriana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelida Camp, Nyika National Park

Cynorkis kassneriana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelida Camp, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cynorkis glandulosa Bolus
Cynorkis rupicola Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial, rarely epiphytic or lithophytic, herb with one basal leaf, sometimes two.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mosses, leaf litter and rotting vegetation in forests. It is found in high altitude Brachystegia woodland, on shaded roadbanks, along forest margins and in exotic pine plantations.
Altitude range: 1300 - 2450 m
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Ethiopia, East Africa, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Eswatini.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 22 March 2019

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 218 - 219. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 318.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 55.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79. As Cynorkis kassnerana subsp. kassnerana

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 55.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 48. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 53 - 54. As Cynorkis kassnerana (Includes a picture).

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 24 - 25. As Cynorkis kassnerana

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 133.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1962). African orchids XXVIII Kew Bulletin 16(2) Pages 258 - 259.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 36 - 38. As Cynorkis kassnerana subsp. kassnerana (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Cynorkis kassneriana:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cynorkis kassneriana
Flora of Zambia: Cynorkis kassneriana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cynorkis kassneriana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynorkis kassneriana
African Plant Database: Cynorkis kassneriana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynorkis kassneriana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynorkis kassneriana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynorkis kassneriana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cynorkis kassneriana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynorkis kassneriana
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynorkis kassneriana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynorkis kassneriana
Plants of the World Online: Cynorkis kassneriana
Tropicos: Cynorkis kassneriana
Wikipedia: Cynorkis kassneriana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Cynorkis kassneriana., retrieved 15 July 2024

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