Satyrium riparium Rchb. f.

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Satyrium riparium

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Viphya Plateau

Satyrium riparium

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Viphya Plateau

Satyrium riparium

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Viphya Plateau

Satyrium riparium

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Viphya Plateau

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 40–80 cm high; tubers ovoid or ellipsoid, up to 4.5 cm long, hairy. Sterile shoot 3–4-leaved; lowermost 1–2 leaves sheathing; upper leaves lanceolate or elliptic, to 10 cm long. Flowering stem with 7–12 sheathing leaves up to 7 cm long. Inflorescence cylindrical, 11–32 cm long, fairly laxly many-flowered. Flowers greenish-yellow, tinged with brown and purple; bracts 1–3 cm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed. Sepals and petals decurved, joined to each other and lip for about half their length. Median sepal oblong, 5–7.5 mm long; lateral sepals obliquely oblanceolate, of similar length. Petals slightly shorter than sepals, finely velvety. Lip fleshy, ellipsoid, 5.5–7 mm long, the apex reflexed, narrow-mouthed. Spurs slender, 18–25 mm long, straggling, ascending in young flowers but more or less pendent in older flowers; often with an extra pair of vestigial spurs.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Montane grassland, boggy grassland and dambos.
Altitude range: 1100 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 6 January 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 335.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 70.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 215.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 143. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 98.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 124.

Other sources of information about Satyrium riparium:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Satyrium riparium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Satyrium riparium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Satyrium riparium
African Plant Database: Satyrium riparium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Satyrium riparium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Satyrium riparium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Satyrium riparium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Satyrium riparium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Satyrium riparium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Satyrium riparium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Satyrium riparium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Satyrium riparium
Ispot Southern Africa: Satyrium riparium
JSTOR Plant Science: Satyrium riparium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Satyrium riparium
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Satyrium riparium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Satyrium riparium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Satyrium riparium
Tropicos: Satyrium riparium


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Satyrium riparium.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117720, retrieved 25 June 2019

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