Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars

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Bulbophyllum longiflorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamkombe River at Aberfoyle Country Club, Honde Valley.

Bulbophyllum longiflorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamkombe River at Aberfoyle Country Club, Honde Valley.

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Synonyms: Cirrhopetalum africanum Schltr.
Cirrhopetalum thouarsii Lindl.
Cirrhopetalum umbellatum (G. Forst.) Hook. & Arn.
Epidendrum umbellatum G. Forst.
Common names:
Status: Native
Epiphytic herb with pseudobulbs spaced along a creeping, woody rhizome. Leaves 1 per pseudobulb, fleshy, up to 20 cm. Inflorescence an umbel of 5-6 flowers, stalk arising from the base of the pseudobulbs. Flowers light purple, blotched with dark purple, sometimes clear yellow. The lateral sepals are long and twisted giving the flowers their typical spearhead-shape.
Derivation of specific name: longiflorum: with long flowers
Habitat: In riverine evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 800 - 1450 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Madagascar and eastwards to the Pacific Islands.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 August 2015

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 96 - 97. as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79. as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 83. (Includes a picture).

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 311 - 312. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 46 - 47. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 186 - 187. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 416 - 417. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94. as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum

Morris, B. (1965). Epiphytic orchids of the Limbuli Stream, Mlanje The Society of Malawi Journal 18(2) Page 62. As Cirrhopetalum africanum

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 52 - 53. as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum (Includes a picture).

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 246 - 247. as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum (Includes a picture).

Vermeulen, J.J. (1987). A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Orchid Monographs Volume 2 E.J. Brill, Leiden-New York-Kopnhavn-Koln Pages 158 - 159. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Bulbophyllum longiflorum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Bulbophyllum longiflorum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bulbophyllum longiflorum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bulbophyllum longiflorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bulbophyllum longiflorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bulbophyllum longiflorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bulbophyllum longiflorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bulbophyllum longiflorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bulbophyllum longiflorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Bulbophyllum longiflorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bulbophyllum longiflorum
Plants of the World Online: Bulbophyllum longiflorum
Tropicos: Bulbophyllum longiflorum
Wikipedia: Bulbophyllum longiflorum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Bulbophyllum longiflorum.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118220, retrieved 18 June 2024

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