Morella serrata (Lam.) Killick

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Morella serrata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Morella serrata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR, Harare

Morella serrata

Photo: David Hartung
Below dam wall, Greystone Park NR

Morella serrata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Morella serrata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Myrica conifera auct.
Myrica serrata Lam.
Common names: Lance-leaved waxberry (English)
Status: Native
Small tree or shrub, up to 12 m, with unisexual flowers on different trees. Leaves narrowly elliptic, 5-10 cm long, abundantly dotted with golden glands, especially beneath; apex acute; margin entire with a few widely spaced teeth. Male spikes 0.8-3 cm; stamens 4. Female spikes 1.2-2.6 cm. Fruits c.2 mm in diameter, spherical, warted, covered with a white wax.
Derivation of specific name: serrata: serrate, saw-toothed
Habitat: Riverine forest and along montane forest margins.
Altitude range: 2000 m
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa to South Africa as far as the Western Cape.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Anthene definita definita (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 215.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 65. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 125. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 47.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19. As Myrica serrata

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 233. As Myrica serrata

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 12 - 13. (Includes a picture).

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 14 - 15. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2006). Myricaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 256 - 258. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 84 - 85. as Myrica serrata (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 89.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 125.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 219. as Myrica serrata

Other sources of information about Morella serrata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Morella serrata
Flora of Caprivi: Morella serrata
Flora of Mozambique: Morella serrata
Flora of Zambia: Morella serrata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Morella serrata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Morella serrata
African Plant Database: Morella serrata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Morella serrata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Morella serrata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Morella serrata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Morella serrata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Morella serrata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Morella serrata
iNaturalist: Morella serrata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Morella serrata
JSTOR Plant Science: Morella serrata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Morella serrata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Morella serrata
Plants of the World Online: Morella serrata
Tropicos: Morella serrata
Wikipedia: Morella serrata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Morella serrata., retrieved 26 June 2022

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