Maclura africana (Bureau) Corner

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Maclura africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Maclura africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Maclura africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Maclura africana

Photo: Mark Hyde
North of Turgwe River, Humani Ranch

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Synonyms: Cardiogyne africana Bureau
Milicia spinosa Sim
Common names: African osage-orange (English) Thorny mulberry (English)
Status: Native
A widely scrambling spiny shrub. Leaves spirally arranged, often on short, spine-tipped, lateral branchlets, elliptic, dark green, hairless. Flowers in small, dense axillary heads, white, unisexual, sexes on different plants. Fruit a small head of nutlets, each enveloped in the persistent perianth, grey to orange.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Mar - May
Worldwide distribution: From southeastern Kenya to South Africa and Madagascar
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 18 - 21. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 319 - 322. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 73. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 131.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Cardiogyne africana

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Other sources of information about Maclura africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Maclura africana
Flora of Zambia: Maclura africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Maclura africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Maclura africana
African Plant Database: Maclura africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Maclura africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Maclura africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Maclura africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Maclura africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Maclura africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Maclura africana
iNaturalist: Maclura africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Maclura africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Maclura africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Maclura africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Maclura africana
Plants of the World Online: Maclura africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Maclura africana
Tropicos: Maclura africana
Wikipedia: Maclura africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Maclura africana., retrieved 10 December 2019

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