Trilepisium madagascariense DC.

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Trilepisium madagascariense

Photo: Mark Hyde
Nyawamba River, near Canaan village, Aberfoyle

Trilepisium madagascariense

Photo: Mark Hyde
Nyawamba River, near Canaan village, Aberfoyle

Trilepisium madagascariense

Photo: Mark Hyde
Nyawamba River, near Canaan village, Aberfoyle

Trilepisium madagascariense

Photo: Mark Hyde
Nyawamba River, near Canaan village, Aberfoyle

Trilepisium madagascariense

Photo: Mark Hyde
Nyawamba River, near Canaan village, Aberfoyle

Trilepisium madagascariense

Photo: Mark Hyde
Nyawamba River, near Canaan village, Aberfoyle

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bosqueia angolensis Ficalho
Bosqueia boiviniana Baill.
Bosqueia cerasifolia Engl.
Bosqueia gymnandra Baker
Bosqueia phoberos Baill.
Bosqueia thouarsiana Baill.
Bosqueia welwitschii Engl.
Pontya excelsa A. Chev.
Common names: False-fig (English) Urnfig (English)
Status: Native
Medium to large tree. Bark grey, smooth, with creamy-white latex. Leaves simple alternate, elliptic, up to 14 cm long, somewhat leathery, dark glossy green above, hairless; apex with a distinct driptip c. 15 mm long; margin entire, somewhat rolled under; petiole 3-15 mm long. Inflorescences up to c. 1 cm in diameter on a bellshaped receptacle; peduncle up to 1.5 cm long. Flowers unisexual on the same receptacle; perianth segments absent; male flowers many with creamy-white to mauve stamens; female flowers solitary with a 2-3-lobed style. Fruit fig-like, embedded within the fleshy receptacle, ellipsoid c. 2 cm long.
Derivation of specific name: madagascariense: of Madagascar
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread from Guinea to Ethiopia and south to Angola and South Africa. Alsoin Madagascar and Seycheles.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cyrestis camillus sublineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 28 - 30. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 351 - 354. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 76. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 132.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 90.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Bosqueia phoberos

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 80.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 172 - 173. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 125.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 82 - 83. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 398 - 400. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Trilepisium madagascariense:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Trilepisium madagascariense
Flora of Mozambique: Trilepisium madagascariense
Flora of Zambia: Trilepisium madagascariense
Flora of Zimbabwe: Trilepisium madagascariense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Trilepisium madagascariense
African Plant Database: Trilepisium madagascariense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Trilepisium madagascariense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Trilepisium madagascariense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Trilepisium madagascariense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Trilepisium madagascariense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Trilepisium madagascariense
JSTOR Plant Science: Trilepisium madagascariense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Trilepisium madagascariense
Plants of the World Online: Trilepisium madagascariense
Tropicos: Trilepisium madagascariense
Wikipedia: Trilepisium madagascariense

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Trilepisium madagascariense., retrieved 13 July 2024

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