Persicaria senegalensis (Meisn.) Soják

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Persicaria senegalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR, Harare

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Synonyms: Polygonum senegalense Meisn.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Robust, erect perennial herb to 3 m, sometimes rooting at the lower nodes. Leaves alternate, oblong-lanceolate, 8-28 cm long, long pointed at the apex and narrowing into a petiole at the base, green and almost hairless in the regular form but covered with small yellowish glands on the lower surface; petiole 1-5 cm long. Stipular sheaths reddish-brown, membranous, up to 3,5 cm long, usually without cilia. Flowers in multiple dense terminal racemes, often showing as pale sandy brown. Perianth 3-4 mm long, rose-pink, greenish or white.
Notes: Two forms occur: f. senegalensis, which is hairless or almost so, and f. albotomentosa (R.A. Graham) K.L. Wilson , which is densely grey-tomentose.
Derivation of specific name: senegalensis: of Senegal
Habitat: In damp places near and in water by dams, lakes and rivers.
Altitude range: Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, South Africa, Egypt and Madagascar.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 68.

Nogueira, I., Ortiz, S. & Paiva, J.A.R. (2006). Polygonaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 10 - 11.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 98. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 94.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 222.

Other sources of information about Persicaria senegalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Persicaria senegalensis
Flora of Caprivi: Persicaria senegalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Persicaria senegalensis
Flora of Zambia: Persicaria senegalensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Persicaria senegalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Persicaria senegalensis
African Plant Database: Persicaria senegalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Persicaria senegalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Persicaria senegalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Persicaria senegalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Persicaria senegalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Persicaria senegalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Persicaria senegalensis
iNaturalist: Persicaria senegalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Persicaria senegalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Persicaria senegalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Persicaria senegalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Persicaria senegalensis
Plants of the World Online: Persicaria senegalensis
Tropicos: Persicaria senegalensis
Wikipedia: Persicaria senegalensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Persicaria senegalensis., retrieved 13 May 2021

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