Cyathula orthacantha (Hochst. ex Asch.) Schinz

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Cyathula orthacantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs, Save Valley

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Synonyms: Cyathula kilimandscharica Suesseng. & Beyerle
Cyathula orthacanthoides Suesseng.
Kyphocarpa orthacantha (Hochst. ex Aschers.) C.B. Clarke
Pupalia erecta Suesseng.
Pupalia orthacantha Hochst. ex Aschers.
Sericocomopsis orthacantha (Hochst. ex Aschers.) Peter
Common names:
Status: Native
Much-branched prostrate to erect annual herb, often straggling or sprawling with 4-angled stems up to 1.5 m long. Most parts of the plant thinly to densely covered in whitish hairs. Leaves variable from broadly ovate to narrowly lanceolate-oblong or elliptic, 1-15 cm long, more or less densely covered in whitish hairs on both surfaces; petiole 0.4-2 cm long. Inflorescences terminal, spike-like, 1.25-2 cm wide and up to 8 cm long, white to pale green or crimson to maroon; bracteoles ending in a long spiny tip. Flowers minute embedded and hidden in dense whitish hairs.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A plant of drier areas, disturbed ground and edges of pans, sometimes becoming weedy.
Altitude range: 450 - 1060 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola and Namibia.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 21.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 69. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 16.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 20.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 22. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Common Wild Flowers of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part II Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 20 - 21. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (2011). Wild flowers, Waterplants and Grasses of the Okavango Delta and Kalahari "Did You Know" nature series Struik Nature for Veronica Roodt Publications Page 10. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 21.

Townsend, C.C. (1988). Amaranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1) Pages 84 - 86.

Other sources of information about Cyathula orthacantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyathula orthacantha
Flora of Caprivi: Cyathula orthacantha
Flora of Mozambique: Cyathula orthacantha
Flora of Zambia: Cyathula orthacantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyathula orthacantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyathula orthacantha
African Plant Database: Cyathula orthacantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyathula orthacantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyathula orthacantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyathula orthacantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyathula orthacantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyathula orthacantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyathula orthacantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyathula orthacantha
Plants of the World Online: Cyathula orthacantha
Tropicos: Cyathula orthacantha
Wikipedia: Cyathula orthacantha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Cyathula orthacantha., retrieved 22 July 2024

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