Maerua triphylla A. Rich.
subsp. pubescens (Klotzsch) DeWolf

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Maerua triphylla subsp. pubescens

Photo: Bart Wursten

Maerua triphylla subsp. pubescens

Photo: Bart Wursten

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Synonyms: Maerua pubescens (Klotzsch) Gilg
Common names: Small bead-bean (English)
Status: Native
Usually a much-branched scrambling shrub but occasionally a small tree. Leaves 3-foliolate with elliptic leaflets, the terminal leaflet about twice the size of the lateral leaflets; apex rounded or often notched. Flowers in short terminal or axillary heads; sepals green; petals white; stamens 12-16 (fewer than other species of Maerua), c. 2 cm long. Fruit bean-like, cylindric, up to 10 cm, somewhat constricted between the seeds.
Derivation of specific name: triphylla: with 3 leaflets
Habitat: In woodland, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From Kenya and Tanzania south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique, also in Madagascar.
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s): Climber, tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 164. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 37. as Maerua triphylla

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 238.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 32.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 65. as Maerua pubescens

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 222 - 224. As Maerua pubescens (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Maerua triphylla subsp. pubescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Maerua triphylla subsp. pubescens
Flora of Zambia: Maerua triphylla subsp. pubescens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Maerua triphylla subsp. pubescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Maerua triphylla
African Plant Database: Maerua triphylla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Maerua triphylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Maerua triphylla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Maerua triphylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Maerua triphylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Maerua triphylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Maerua triphylla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Maerua triphylla
Plants of the World Online: Maerua triphylla
Tropicos: Maerua triphylla
Wikipedia: Maerua triphylla

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Maerua triphylla subsp. pubescens., retrieved 14 June 2024

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