Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth.

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Acacia abyssinica

Photo: Rob Burrett
In garden, Sims Rd, Harare

Acacia abyssinica

Photo: Rob Burrett
In garden, Sims Rd, Harare

Acacia abyssinica

Photo: Rob Burrett
In garden, Sims Rd, Harare

Acacia abyssinica

Photo: Rob Burrett
In garden, Sims Rd, Harare

Acacia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd up towards Chinziwa

Acacia abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Acacia abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Outside Dandaro by the Borrowdale Road

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vachellia abyssinica (Hochst. ex Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names: Nyanga flat-top (English)
Flat-topped tree, to 16 m. Bark reddish-brown on older trees; pale yellowish-brown, peeling off in papery wads, on younger trees. Young twigs softly hairy. Thorns in straight pairs at nodes. Leaves: pinnae pairs 20-40; leaflets very small, up to 2(-4) × 0.75 mm. Inflorescence of white spherical heads. Involucel in lower half of peduncle. Pods dehiscent.
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia southwards to Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique, but not occurring in Zambia or South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Axiocerses tjoane tjoane (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Page 99.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 210. as Acacia abyssinica calophylla (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 186. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 273. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213. as Acacia abyssinica calophylla

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 240. As Acacia abyssinica calophylla

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44. as Acacia abyssinica calophylla

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 92.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 28 - 29. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93.

Other sources of information about Acacia abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Acacia abyssinica
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia abyssinica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia abyssinica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acacia abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia abyssinica
African Plant Database: Acacia abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia abyssinica
Plants of the World Online: Acacia abyssinica
Tropicos: Acacia abyssinica
Wikipedia: Acacia abyssinica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Acacia abyssinica., retrieved 15 April 2024

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