Tamarindus indica L.

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Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Elephant Hills Hotel grounds, Victoria Falls

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Elephant Hills Hotel grounds, Victoria Falls

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo Pools, near camp, Umfurudzi Safari Area.

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Synonyms:
Common names: Tamarind (English)
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Medium to large evergreen tree. Leaves pinnate with up to 18 pairs of leaflets. Flowers in short attractive racemes; sepals creamy-white; petals conspicuously veined with red. Pods curved, sausage-like, constricted around the seeds, not splitting.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India although it has also been suggested that it may be native to Madagascar.
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa and Madagascar.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Achaea catella (Larval food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 60 - 62. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 270. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Other sources of information about Tamarindus indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Tamarindus indica
Flora of Zambia: Tamarindus indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tamarindus indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Tamarindus indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tamarindus indica
African Plant Database: Tamarindus indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tamarindus indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tamarindus indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tamarindus indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tamarindus indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tamarindus indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tamarindus indica
iNaturalist: Tamarindus indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tamarindus indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Tamarindus indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tamarindus indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tamarindus indica
Plants of the World Online: Tamarindus indica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Tamarindus indica
Tropicos: Tamarindus indica
Wikipedia: Tamarindus indica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Tamarindus indica.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126750, retrieved 19 October 2019

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