Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby

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Senna didymobotrya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Westaway

Senna didymobotrya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Westaway

Senna didymobotrya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Svisvi River bridge, Gokwe District.

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Synonyms: Cassia didymobotrya Fresen.
Common names: Peanut butter cassia (English)
Status: Native?
Shrub, 1-5(-9) m. Stipules broadly ovate-cordate, 8-12 mm wide, acuminate. Leaves foetid, smelling somewhat like peanut butter when crushed, usually 10-30 cm; petiole and rhachis eglandular. Leaflets in 8-18 pairs: lamina 2-6.5 × 0.6-2.5 cm, oblong-elliptic, pubescent; apex rounded to obtuse with a 1-3 mm mucro. Racemes including peduncle, 11-35 cm. Sepals dark brown. Petals 1.8-2.7 cm, bright yellow. Pod 8-12 × 1.5-2.5 cm, flattened.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A weed of disturbed ground, often to be seen in rural areas.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in eastern and southern tropical Africa
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 46 - 47. (Includes a picture).

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 150 - 152. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 265. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 51.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212. as Cassia didymobotrya

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243. As Cassia didymobotrya

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Other sources of information about Senna didymobotrya:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Mozambique: Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Zambia: Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Zimbabwe: Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Senna didymobotrya

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Senna didymobotrya
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Senna didymobotrya
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Senna didymobotrya
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Senna didymobotrya
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Senna didymobotrya
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Senna didymobotrya
JSTOR Plant Science: Senna didymobotrya
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Senna didymobotrya
Plants of the World Online: Senna didymobotrya
Tropicos: Senna didymobotrya
Wikipedia: Senna didymobotrya

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Senna didymobotrya., retrieved 15 July 2024

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