Polhillides velutina (Willd.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi

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Polhillides velutina

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mavhuradonha Wilderness Eco-Lodge

Polhillides velutina

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mavhuradonha Wilderness Eco-Lodge

Polhillides velutina

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mavhuradonha Wilderness Eco-Lodge

Polhillides velutina

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mavhuradonha Wilderness Eco-Lodge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Anarthrosyne cordata Klotzsch
Desmodium lasiocarpum (P. Beauv.) DC.
Desmodium velutinum (Willd.) DC.
Hedysarum velutinum Willd.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect, subshrub or woody herb, 0.5 -3 m tall. Stems with dense spreading ferrugineous hairs when young, becoming hairless below. Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflet lamina large, 3-19 × 2-13 cm, ovate to almost circular; apex bluntly acute to rounded; appressed-pubescent above, velvety beneath; petiole 1.5 - 3.5 mm. Inflorescences of terminal and axillary false racemes. Calyx hairy; lobes to 1.5 mm long. Standard violet, lilac, red or blue. Fruit of 2-7 articles, bearing hooked hairs; articles 2.5-4 mm long. Seeds brown.
Derivation of specific name: velutina: velvety
Habitat: In grassland and woodland, sometimes in riverine habitats.
Altitude range: Up to 1320 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in the Old World tropics
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 24 May 2015

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 20. as Desmodium velutinum

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 67. as Desmodium velutinum

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 219. as Desmodium velutinum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 48. as Desmodium velutinum

Ohashi, K, Ohashi, H., Nemoto, T., Ye, B., Matsumoto, T. & Nata, K. (2019). Phylogenetic Analyses for a New Classifi cation of the Desmodium Group of Leguminosae Tribe Desmodieae 3. The Systematic Position of Desmodium velutinum Journal of Japanese Botany 94(2) Pages 65 - 77.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 60. as Desmodium velutinum

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Pages 5 - 9. as Desmodium velutinum (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Polhillides velutina:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Polhillides velutina
Flora of Mozambique: Polhillides velutina
Flora of Zambia: Polhillides velutina
Flora of Zimbabwe: Polhillides velutina

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Polhillides velutina
African Plant Database: Polhillides velutina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Polhillides velutina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polhillides velutina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Polhillides velutina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Polhillides velutina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polhillides velutina
JSTOR Plant Science: Polhillides velutina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Polhillides velutina
Plants of the World Online: Polhillides velutina
Tropicos: Polhillides velutina
Wikipedia: Polhillides velutina

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Polhillides velutina.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=130920, retrieved 22 July 2024

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