Alysicarpus ovalifolius (Schumach.) J. Léonard

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Synonyms: Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. var. paniculatus Baker f.
Hedysarum ovalifolium Schumach.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect or spreading annual herb, sometimes woody at the base, 20–60 cm tall. Stems pubescent when young, later almost hairless. Leaves 1-foliolate, elliptic or oblong to narrowly lanceolate, 1–10 cm long, subcordate, finely velvety and with some hairs on the veins beneath; petiole 2–9 mm long; stipules lanceolate, 5–20 mm long. Inflorescences terminal or leaf-opposed, up to 15 cm long, sometimes branched, very lax, the internodes between the 3–7 pairs of flowers long; pedicels 1–2 mm long. Calyx pubescent with lobes narrowly triangular, 3–4 mm long, not overlapping. Standard orange-buff to pink, reddish-violet or rarely whitish, 4–6 mm long; wings purplish-mauve; keel pale greenish. Fruit 18–25 mm long, well exserted from the calyx, not constricted between the articles; articles subcylindrical, with raised reticulate ridges, 2–8 mm long, velvety.
Derivation of specific name: ovalifolius: with oval (elliptic) leaves
Habitat: In hot and dry woodland, open sandy soils and river beds, often in soil pockets and cracks in granite outcrops, along roadsides, footpaths, savanna woodland.
Altitude range: 65 - 700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Madagascar and Asia.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 65.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 216.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 46.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 57.

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Pages 37 - 39.

Other sources of information about Alysicarpus ovalifolius:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Alysicarpus ovalifolius
Flora of Zambia: Alysicarpus ovalifolius
Flora of Zimbabwe: Alysicarpus ovalifolius

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Alysicarpus ovalifolius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Alysicarpus ovalifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Alysicarpus ovalifolius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Alysicarpus ovalifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Alysicarpus ovalifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Alysicarpus ovalifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Alysicarpus ovalifolius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Alysicarpus ovalifolius
Plants of the World Online: Alysicarpus ovalifolius
Tropicos: Alysicarpus ovalifolius
Wikipedia: Alysicarpus ovalifolius

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Alysicarpus ovalifolius., retrieved 16 April 2024

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