Erythrina livingstoniana Baker

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Erythrina livingstoniana

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Chibunje, Musikavanhu CL, Save Valley

Erythrina livingstoniana

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Chibunje, Musikavanhu CL, Save Valley

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Erythrina tomentosa R. Br. ex A. Rich.
Common names: Aloe coral-tree (English)
Status: Native
Medium to large tree. Bark conspicuously reddish-brown, fissured, set with hard thorny knobs; branches very spiny. Leaves 3-foliolate with leaflets almost as broad as long, more or less 3-lobed; terminal lobe triangular; sidelobes almost square. Flowers in very striking terminal racemes, resembling the inflorescences of Aloe spp., scarlet-red. Fruit a cylindric, woody pod, strongly constricted between the seeds. Seeds bright red with a white spot. The flowers of this species are larger and more spectacular than any other Erythrina species in the region.
Derivation of specific name: livingstoniana: named after the legendary Scottish explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873)
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 305. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 220.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 247.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5)

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 48.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Other sources of information about Erythrina livingstoniana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Erythrina livingstoniana
Flora of Zambia: Erythrina livingstoniana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erythrina livingstoniana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrina livingstoniana
African Plant Database: Erythrina livingstoniana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrina livingstoniana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrina livingstoniana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrina livingstoniana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Erythrina livingstoniana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrina livingstoniana
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrina livingstoniana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrina livingstoniana
Plants of the World Online: Erythrina livingstoniana
Tropicos: Erythrina livingstoniana
Wikipedia: Erythrina livingstoniana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Erythrina livingstoniana., retrieved 5 December 2023

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