Rhynchosia monophylla Schltr.

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Rhynchosia monophylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Bunga Forest

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Synonyms: Rhynchosia monophylla Schltr. var. eylesii Baker f.
Rhynchosia prostrata Suess.
Rhynchosia reptans Suess.
Common names:
Status: Native
Trailing perennial herb growing from a woody rootstock. Stems up to 80 cm, pubescent with longer yellowish glandular hairs on the younger parts. Leaves 1-3 foliolate, 1-foliolate particularly on the flowering stems; leaflets broadly elliptic to ovate, 2-7.5 cm long, lateral leaflets shorter, pubescent on both surfaces, gland-dotted with prominent, often reddish venation below. Flowers solitary or in few-flowered clusters in the axils of 1-foliolate leaves. Standard deep yellow, flushed with red outside and reddish veining inside; wings pinkish-red; keel whitish tinged purple at the tip. Pods oblong to almost squarish, 9-15 mm long, pubescent with net-veining visible.
Derivation of specific name: monophylla: “1-leaf”, unifoliolate – leaves of single leaflets
Habitat: In open grassland and woodland, conspicuously flowering after grass fires.
Altitude range: 1050 - 1800 m
Flowering time:(Jan-) Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe; also Tanzania, South Africa, Eswatini.
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 26 March 2015

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 226.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 209 - 210.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 51.

Verdcourt, B. (2001). Papilionoideae: Tribe Phaseoleae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 225 - 226.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 94.

Other sources of information about Rhynchosia monophylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Rhynchosia monophylla
Flora of Zambia: Rhynchosia monophylla
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rhynchosia monophylla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhynchosia monophylla
African Plant Database: Rhynchosia monophylla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhynchosia monophylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhynchosia monophylla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhynchosia monophylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rhynchosia monophylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhynchosia monophylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhynchosia monophylla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhynchosia monophylla
Plants of the World Online: Rhynchosia monophylla
Tropicos: Rhynchosia monophylla
Wikipedia: Rhynchosia monophylla

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Rhynchosia monophylla.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131790, retrieved 13 June 2024

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