Eriosema pumilum Verdc.
var. pumilum

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Eriosema pumilum var. pumilum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By path from Kopje Tops to Tingwa Raphia Palm Botanical Reserve, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Eriosema pumilum var. pumilum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By path from Kopje Tops to Tingwa Raphia Palm Botanical Reserve, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

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Common names:
Status: Native
Small, erect or decumbent perennial herb with 1–several usually unbranched stems, 3–15 cm tall, growing from a small round or turnip-shaped tuber up to 2.5 cm long. Stems slender somewhat zigzag, covered with with appressed or spreading white hairs. Leaves 1-foliolate, obovate, obtriangular or obcordate up to 5.2 cm long, hairless to very sparsely hairy on both surfaces and margins, densely glandular-punctate beneath; petiole and petiolule together up to 3 mm long, often bristly pubescent; stipules lanceolate or triangular, 2–3.5 mm long. Flowers 1 or 2 together, axillary, mostly hidden amongst the leaves, yellow. Calyx pubescent and densely glandular, 2–2.5 mm long. Pods ovate- or elliptic-oblong, 6.5–8 mm long, puberulous and with longer brown hairs.
Notes: See var. lanceolatum for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: pumilum: dwarf.
Habitat: Brachystegia woodland on decomposed rocky soils, Brachystegia–Monotes woodland with Cryptosepalum, dry bushland and along sandy roadsides.
Altitude range: 1100 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 5 October 2017

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 220.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 236 - 237. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 48.

Other sources of information about Eriosema pumilum var. pumilum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Eriosema pumilum var. pumilum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eriosema pumilum var. pumilum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriosema pumilum
African Plant Database: Eriosema pumilum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriosema pumilum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriosema pumilum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriosema pumilum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriosema pumilum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriosema pumilum
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriosema pumilum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriosema pumilum
Plants of the World Online: Eriosema pumilum
Tropicos: Eriosema pumilum
Wikipedia: Eriosema pumilum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eriosema pumilum var. pumilum., retrieved 13 April 2024

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