Citrus × limon (L.) Burm. f.

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Citrus × limon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Citrus × limon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Synonyms: Citrus abyssinica (Engl.) Engl.
Citrus inaequalis (DC.) Benth.
Common names: Lemon (English)
Status: Introduced
Evergreen shrub or small tree. Leaves simple (1-foliolate) with a winged petiole. Flowers bisexual, (4)5-merous), white with numerous stamens. Fruit ovoid, many-seeded, fleshy with a thick slightly warty skin, green to yellow when ripe (the well-known lemon).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A regular, non-invasive escape along forest margins and in riverine fringes.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Native to Asia and widely cultivated as a fruit tree and occasionally naturalized.
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio ophidicephalus chirinda (Food plant)
Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio dardanus cenea (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Struwe, L. (2014). The species names of citrus - a sweet, sour, and sticky mess

Other sources of information about Citrus × limon:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: cultivated Citrus × limon
Flora of Mozambique: Citrus × limon
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Citrus × limon
Flora of Zambia: Citrus × limon
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Citrus × limon
Flora of Zimbabwe: Citrus × limon
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Citrus × limon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Citrus × limon
African Plant Database: Citrus × limon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Citrus × limon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Citrus × limon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Citrus × limon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Citrus × limon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Citrus × limon
JSTOR Plant Science: Citrus × limon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Citrus × limon
Plants of the World Online: Citrus × limon
Tropicos: Citrus × limon
Wikipedia: Citrus × limon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Citrus × limon., retrieved 6 June 2023

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